Chios is one of the islands of the northeast Aegean Sea, close to Asia Minor and opposite to Eritrea peninsula Cecme, Alacati, Izmir TR separated from it by the Chios canal.
The climate of Chios is typical of the Mediterranean, with usual north or northwest winds and temperatures not exceeding 32 or 34 degrees Celcius.
Merchant marine plays a very important role in the economy of Chios. The main port is one of the cities of Chios, but there are also some of the secondary importance, those of Volisos Lagada, Marmaro, and the largest and new in Mesta.
One of the most important products of Chios island is mastic, which is uniquely produced on it, it is famous worldwide - widely renowned for its aroma and taste. It is uniquely cultivated in Mastihohora and about 120 tons of it are exported to other countries.
The Chios Mastic Museum is located in Southern Chios, in the region of the Mastichochoria.
SIZE: 904 square Km
LENGTH OF SHORES: 213 Km
POPULATION: 53.000 people approximately
HIGHEST PEAK: Pelinaio Mountain, 1300 m.
LOCAL TIME: GMT + 2
ELECTRICITY: 220 Volt
ROADS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION ALL OVER CHIOS ISLAND
CHIOS GENERAL STATE HOSPITAL (Skylitsion)
2 PRIVATE GENERAL PRACTICE CLINICS
Chios island historical review
Earliest inhabitant and first King according to tradition, was Inopion, the son of Dionysos or Theseus and Ariadne, who came from Crete and taught the locals how to grow vines. The name of Chios comes from Chiona, who was the daughter of Inopion.
According to Ion, however, the name comes from Hios, the son of Neptune, at the birth of whom, too much snow (hioni) fell on the island. According to a third option by the historian Isidore's, the name Chios comes from the Phoenicians and, in the Syrian language, it means "mastic".
The island was at times mentioned by other names as well, which was lost in time, such as Pitioussa (because of its pines, as Pitis=Pine), Makris because of its shape (Makri=long) and Aethalia (because of its ancient volcano). The archaeological findings (at Ag. Galas and Emporios) prove that the island has been inhabited since 6.000 B.C.
About the city of Chios there is some evidence earlier than the first Ionian colonisation when the lonians from the mainland inhabited Chios around 1000 B.C. and developed it into one of the greatest cities of the ancient times Not only did Chians make a profit by transporting goods from one place to another, but also by trading on their own agricultural and industrial production.
The unique mastic was not the only source of wealth. In the 6th century, Chios was a large city, the population of which is estimated at 60.000-80.000 people, When Chios became a member of the Athenian Alliance, it was free and self-governed. Until the Peloponnesian War, there was a five - year period of peace and growth.
The destroyed city was rebuilt and the inhabitants progressed in navy, commerce, industry and the production of wine. Riches accumulated on the island, which resulted in extreme luxury. characteristic of the standard of life during that period are the phrases "Chian fun" and "Chian life".
Athineos mentions that the Chians were famous for their ingenuity in cookery and the Chian cooks were dearly sought after.
Thoukidides characterizes the Chians as the "richest among Greeks" and praises the State of their city. The Peloponnesian war followed, during which the Chians fought at first together with Athenians. After their defeat in Sicilia, however, they defected and declared their support of Sparta.
The colonization of the island by the Genoans in 1346 as a strategic important trade outpost.
Chios Island Temperature:
For Chios current weather conditions & forecast take a look at AccuWeather
How can you reach Chios
Via Rhodos Sky Express , Astra Airlines.
Via Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport Turkey, drive to Cecme Harbour and board the ferry to Chios, trip 35 minutes.
Via Mytilene/Lesvos every afternoon with the fast ferry of Hellenic Seaways or Blue Star Ferries.
Via Samos with Ferry Boat twice a week.